Type 2 diabetes – A common condition whereby the body progressively loses the ability to handle sugars well. Insulin is the hormone, made by the pancreas, that helps assist the transport of glucose (sugar) into the cells of the body from its supply in the bloodstream. In type 2 diabetes, the amount of insulin needed to absorb glucose into the cells is ever increasing, almost as though the signal is being ignored. This process is called ‘insulin resistance’ and is a major characteristic of Type 2 diabetes. The blood sugar levels progressively rise because of this and you get a situation where the insulin levels too become very high in the blood (called hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia) which is dangerous for your body. Eventually, as this condition progresses, the pancreas may fail to make enough insulin to meet these high demands and medication is needed. A robust approach to diet and exploring the gut microbiome can reverse this condition.